About Sudan

The Republic of Sudan


In the past, all the area located south the African great desert and that extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the west and the Red Sea and Indian Ocean in the east used to be called Sudan. However now, Sudan is the country located south of Egypt.

Sudan is an African Arab country, which is very rich in races and cultures.


Location and space:


Sudan is located in the north east part of Africa between latitudes 8.45 N and 23.8 N and longitude 21.49 E and 38.34 E.

Sudan is in the center between Africa and the Arab world and therefore it became a bridge between North and South Africa. Up to recent years Sudan was the route for the commercial convoys from West Africa to the Holly lands or east Africa.

Sudan space is 1.8 million square kilometer and it is the 16th largest country in the world and the second largest country in Africa. Sudan is neighbored by Egypt, Libya, Chad, Central Republic of Africa, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Eretria and Saudi Arabia across the Red Sea.



Sudan climate is tropical and the weather is hot most of the year. The rainy season lasts for four months in the center of the country. River Nile and its attributors highly influence the economical, social and cultural life in Sudan. River Nile and its attributors water resources is used in generating electricity through the various dams such as Merowe, Sinnar , Khasm Al Garaba etc. Also River Nile is rich in fish resources; provide water for irrigation and helps in transport. Sudan enjoys huge reserve of underground water that estimated to 900 billion cubic meters.



Sudan population is around 33.419.625 persons. Sudan population consists of Arab, African and Nubians.

Religions: Islam, Christianity and traditional believes.

Languages: Arabic, English and local dialects.


Governance system:

Sudan is governed through the federal system that includes: the government of national unity that runs all the country to achieve peace, stability, development and prosperity.  Sudan consists of 15 states that have its own independent governments.



Khartoum is the capital of Sudan and consists of three main towns: Khartoum, Khartoum North and Omdurman. Khartoum North is the industrial capital of Sudan.


Total Income

Sudan total income is around $66.6 billion. Agriculture represents % 31.1 of the total income, non – oil industries represents % 26 while services represents % 42.1. Sudan oil production is around 118.000 ppd. Exports represents %17 of the total income while imports uses % 14 of the total income.


Main industries

Textile – cement – food oil- sugar- soaps –leather products- food stuff- mineral and other light industries.



Sudan is very rich in the natural resources. The main exports include animal wealth, Gum Arabic, cotton, oil seeds, gold and recently oil.



Sudanese pound.






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