The Republic of Sudan
past, all the area located south the African great desert
and that extends from the Atlantic Ocean in the west and the
Red Sea and Indian Ocean in the east used to be called
Sudan. However now, Sudan is the country located south of
Sudan is an
African Arab country, which is very rich in races and
Location and space:
located in the north east part of Africa between latitudes
8.45 N and 23.8 N and longitude 21.49 E and 38.34 E.
Sudan is in
the center between Africa and the Arab world and therefore
it became a bridge between North and South Africa. Up to
recent years Sudan was the route for the commercial convoys
from West Africa to the Holly lands or east Africa.
is 1.8 million square kilometer and it is the 16th
largest country in the world and the second largest country
in Africa. Sudan is neighbored by Egypt, Libya, Chad,
Central Republic of Africa, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Eretria
and Saudi Arabia across the Red Sea.
climate is tropical and the weather is hot most of the year.
The rainy season lasts for four months in the center of the
country. River Nile and its attributors highly influence the
economical, social and cultural life in Sudan. River Nile
and its attributors water resources is used in generating
electricity through the various dams such as Merowe, Sinnar
, Khasm Al Garaba etc. Also River Nile is rich in fish
resources; provide water for irrigation and helps in
transport. Sudan enjoys huge reserve of underground water
that estimated to 900 billion cubic meters.
population is around
persons. Sudan population consists of Arab, African and
Islam, Christianity and traditional believes.
Arabic, English and local dialects.
governed through the federal system that includes: the
government of national unity that runs all the country to
achieve peace, stability, development and prosperity. Sudan
consists of 15 states that have its own independent
the capital of Sudan and consists of three main towns:
Khartoum, Khartoum North and Omdurman. Khartoum North is the
industrial capital of Sudan.
income is around $66.6 billion. Agriculture represents %
31.1 of the total income, non – oil industries represents %
26 while services represents % 42.1. Sudan oil production is
around 118.000 ppd. Exports represents %17 of the total
income while imports uses % 14 of the total income.
cement – food oil- sugar- soaps –leather products- food
stuff- mineral and other light industries.
very rich in the natural resources. The main exports include
animal wealth, Gum Arabic, cotton, oil seeds, gold and